Right management of livestock in winter for good production and health is must
In Punjab there is an extreme of metrological variation where recorded temperature deepens down even in minus degrees during December and January months. Dr. D.S. Malik HoD, Livestock Production Management, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary & Animal Sciences University revealed that three aspects requires much attention in this season i.e. environment modification through proper shelter management, improving body reserves through nutritional management and proper health care.
Curtains should be used in the sheds of loose housing system to obstruct the flow of wind at animal’s level. Curtains can be made from tarpuline, bamboo, dry grass, paddy straw, guinea bags, jute etc. Shady trees around the shed should be trimmed to encourage the infiltration of sunlight in the shed which will not only provide warmth but will also disinfect the animal houses due to action of ultraviolet rays. Furthermore, animals should be permitted under direct sun exposure during daytime in open paddocks. Animal’s shed and its floor should not remain wet and cool for longer periods of time. This may expose the animals, especially younger ones, to various ailments like pneumonia, fever, coccidiosis, diarrhoea and even death in severe cases.
Dr. Malik suggested that suitable bedding up to the depth of 4-6 inches in large animals and 2 inches for smaller animals should be provided on puccaa (concrete) floor as direct contact of animal with cold floor will leads to more body heat loss through conduction. Paddy straw, dry grass, wheat bhusa, saw dust, rice husk etc. could be used as bedding material. Jhuls (clothing) made up of gunny bags may also be used on larger animals to provide them insulation and warmth during extreme winter season.
Good ventilation must be ensured during winters. Shed should be cleaned at least twice in a day for proper disposal of wastes and minimum piling up of ammonia gases.
Animals should be cleaned regularly with clean cloth or some brush. Hairs of animals should not be clipped during winters. Bathing of animals with cold water during winter should be avoided.
Animals should be provided with good nutritious and balanced diet during winters. Berseem, most abundantly available green fodder, has high protein percentage and water content, can easily support production level of lactating and growing animals. So, accordingly protein containing ingredients i.e. cakes in concentrates shall be reduced for economical production. The sequence of various types of cake to be used may be in order of Mustard cake, Cotton seed cake, Groundnut cake and Soybean flakes. If there is shortage of green fodder, then 25-30 kg of leguminous fodder can be mixed with 5-10 kg of wheat bhusa for feeding larger animals. In addition to this 3 kg of concentrate mixture will be sufficient to maintain the body temperature. If fodder is not scarce then 40 to 50 kg of good quality green fodder will be sufficient to maintain the production up to 10 litres of milk in cattle and buffaloes. To avoid incidences of nitrate toxicity and bloat in winter, the leguminous fodders should be mixed with either non legumes or wheat bhusa.
He advised that one should never forget to incorporate 2% mineral mixture and 1% salt in concentrate feed during winters. It should be purchased from reputed manufacturers. Clean, fresh, lukewarm water should be offered to the animals during winters.
De-worming should be repeated 21 days after the initial dose to prevent other worm eggs and larvae in their additional stages of development. One should use suitable acaricides in the shed and on animals to control this problem.
Vet Varsity PhD Scholar bags prestigious Commonwealth Split-Site Scholarship
Dr. Dinesh Kumar, a Ph.D Scholar of Department of Livestock Products Technology (LPT) of Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, bagged prestigious Commonwealth Split-site Scholarship 2018 funded by the UK government, through the Commonwealth Scholarship Commission in the United Kingdom. His major Advisor, Dr Nitin Mehta informed that the student will carry out part of his Ph.D research work with Professor Graham Bonwick, New Castle University, UK. The work pertains to development of nanoencapsulated bioactive agents and its incorporation in biodegrabale films for extension of storage stability of meat products.
Dr Manish Kumar Chatli, Head of the department explained that the research work will help to resolve various issues related with storage stability of meat and food safety. He further stated that it is the extension of the work on biodegradable films and encapsulation technology already being carried out in the department. Department is conducting world class work in the various areas of Meat and Egg Science including byproducts processing, pet food development, low-cost processing and preservation technologies, health oriented value added meat and egg products and their quality evaluation. Dr Sanjeev Kumar Uppal, Dean Post Graduate Studies congratulated the efforts of the department in bringing laurels to the university. He stressed that this scholarship will not only broaden the vision of the participant but will pave a new way for inter institutional collaboration at global level. The research work carried out by postgraduate students at GADVASU is planned and designed meticulously in a manner that it parallels to prestigious universities around the globe. Dr P.S. Brar, Dean College of Veterinary Science congratulated the student and the department for securing such a unique feat. Dr A.S. Nanda, Vice-Chancellor of University appreciated the efforts of the department of LPT for carrying out research having global impact and conveyed his best wishes for his work at New Castle University.
Dr. P S Tanwar, Associate Director (Training) KVK, Barnala graced the occasion and in his address he urged the farmers for soil testing at KVK, Barnala and follow the recommendation for fertilizers application in crops. He also said that we should aware about soil health and emphasis on profound importance of soil for human life. On this occasion Dr. Suryendra Singh Assistant Professor (Agronomy) explained about the soil sampling method and educate the farmers about crucial role of soil in farming. Dr. K S Mathrau Assistant Professor (Plant Protection) spoke about insect-pest and rodents control in wheat crop sown with Happy Seeder. Dr. Harjot Singh Sohi Assistant Professor (Horticulture) discussed about soil sampling for orchards and mushroom production technologies. Dr, Kulvinder Singh Sandhu Assistant Professor (LPM) informed about the employment opportunities in poultry farming. Dr. Anjuly Sharma Assistant Professor (Home Science) discussed about the value addition of vegetables and fruits. Queries from the farmers were also answered by the scientists during this programme. An exhibition was also laid out by the KVK to showcase the technologies to the farmers.
KVK, Tarn Taran organizes Vocational Training Programme
Krishi Vigyan Kendra of Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana , Booh, Tarn Taran organized a vocational training programme on ‘Value addition of livestock products’ at village Chabaal. Thirty 30 farmers (25 Female & 05 Male) belonging to village Chabaal of Distt. Tarn Taran participated in the training course. This Vocational training programme was conducted under RKVY-11 scheme. Scientific knowledge on various aspects of value addition of livestock products especially on preparation of egg, meat, milk and fish products was practically demonstrated in this training for skill development and self-entrepreneurship of farm women and farmers for economic development.
Speaking on the inaugural session of the training programme, Dr. Balwinder Kumar, Deputy Director (Training) and Course Director, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, stressed upon the development of skills of the rural population of district Tarn Taran. Value addition of livestock products training, helps farmers, farm women and rural youth in developing the agricultural entrepreneurship through diversification in processing of livestock products. He also highlighted various facilities developed and provided by GADVASU and KVK.
Course Coordinators, Piverjeet Kaur Dhillon and Dr. Bhanu Prakash. Ch highlighted the lectures for preparation, importance and marketing of different value added products. The topics covered in the training were value addition of egg, meat, milk and fish products, egg pickle and egg pakoda. Pork pickle and chicken pickle preparation training was provided by Dr. Pawan Kumar and Dr. Rajesh Waghh the experts from department of Livestock Product Technology. Fish pickle, fish cutlets and fish balls preparation was given by the experts from College of fisheries Dr. Ajit Singh and Dr. Surja Narayan Dutta. On the final day of training programme an exposure visit to College of Dairy Science and Technology, Ludhiana for practical demonstration on milk and milk products was conducted by Dr. Siva Kumar and Dr. Venus Bansal. Dr. H.K. Verma, Director of Extension Education, interacted with trainees and motivated them to adopt processing and value addition of livestock products.
Course Coordinators proposed the vote of thanks at the valedictory function and thanked the trainees and visiting guests and faculty for their support to make this training programme success.
Training Programme on Value Addition of Milk concludes at Vet Varsity
A five-days training course on "Value addition of milk" organized by College of Dairy Science and Technology concluded at Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University.
Dr. Nitika Goel course coordinator informed that training programme was technically designed to provide practical training on manufacture of seven milk products viz. Milk Cake, Paneer, Whey Drink, Dahi, Lassi, Mozzarella Cheese and Sterilized Flavoured Milk. Specialized lecture on establishment of mini dairy processing plant and guidelines to apply for FSSAI Licence for start-up of dairy plant was also included in this training.
Dr H K Verma, Director Extension Education, presided over the valedictory function and emphasized that there is a need for value addition of milk for dairy farmers and entrepreneurs. He said that value addition of milk could help to enhance the economic well-being of the large number of farmers in Punjab. He also suggested that farmers can obtain better prices of their milk through value addition by converting the milk into various milk products.
Dr. A K Puniya, Dean, College of Dairy Science and Technology apprised the trainees about the facilities available for farmers in various departments of the college pertaining to value addition of milk. He suggested the participants to maintain contacts with the University experts and try to excel in the dairy processing and value addition through hard work and innovation.
Farmers also shared their experiences about the technical sessions of the training and mentioned that they had good practical experience of manufacturing the milk products and other technical know-how. They landed that the training has certainly well-equipped them with all technical aspects of value addition of milk. Valedictory session was concluded with the distribution of training certificates to the participants.
College of Fisheries of Vet Varsity Celebrates Annual Prize Distribution Function
To felicitate the students for their excellence in academics, co-curricular and extra-curricular activities, College of Fisheries, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana celebrated Annual Prize Distribution Function. Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Uppal, Dean, Post Graduate Studies, graced the function as Chief Guest whereas Dr. Kamaldeep Kaur, former Dean of the College was Guest of Honor. The function was inaugurated with a welcome address by Dr. Meera D. Ansal, Head, Department of Aquaculture, with introduction about the awards to motivate students to participate in extra-curricular activities, besides academic excellence. Students of 2nd, 3rd and 4th year B.F.Sc. Program were conferred with ‘Mata Ind Kaur Award’ for academic excellence, introduced Dr. Kamaldeep Kaur in memory of her grandmother for meritorious candidates of the college. Academic brilliance of 1st, 2nd and 3rd Year was also recognized with awards initiated by Dr. Asha Dhawan, former Dean of the College. Students were awarded trophies and certificates for their outstanding achievements in sports, NSS and curricular activities.
Dr. Uppal applauded and congratulated the students for their exceptionally outstanding performance in various fields and their enthusiasm for achieving excellence not only in academics but also in other supportive activities. Dr. Kamaldeep Kaur expressed her pleasure in witnessing diversified talent and overall excellence of the students. Sharing her deep sense of belongingness, she extolled the dedication of the administration, faculty, students and the associated staff in transforming the college into a wonderful learning place. Dr. Kulbir Singh Sandhu, Dean, College of Fisheries eulogized the fact that good percentage of students of the college not only participated in co-curricular and extra-curricular activities, but also brought laurels in the form of big achievements. The ‘Overall Runner’s Up’ and ‘Overall Music’ trophies were formally handed over to Dr. Sandhu by the DDMC contingent of the College. Students also got an opportunity to listen to an eminent alumnus of the university, Dr. Baljit Singh, Dean, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary (Canada) and had a very interactive session on shaping up a career through dedication and passion for converting their academic skills into professions. Dr. Shanthanagouda and Ms. Rajinder Kaur, Assistant Professor (Fisheries) coordinated the whole function. Dr. Vaneet Inder Kaur extended vote of thanks and a very important message for the students to be passionate, optimistic and healthy to excel in their professional and personal lives.
Vet Varsity signs MoU for Evaluation of prilled livestock feed
Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (GADVASU), Ludhiana and Cargill India Pvt Ltd had entered in a MoU for project on “Evaluation of prilled- hydrogenated palm fatty acids as livestock feed on lactating crossbred cows”.The MoU was signed By Dr. J.P.S. Gill, Director Research, GADVASU and Dr. Prashant Shinde, Director Commercial, Cargill Feed and Nutrition, Mr. Chirag Gandhi, Business Development Manager, Cargill Feed and Nutrition India. Cargill India Pvt. Ltdis a leading compound feed manufacturer in India, providing balanced feed, feed supplements and advises for balanced feeding of dairy animals. Prilled fat manufactured by Cargill India Pvt. Ltd will be tested by GADVASU for its effect on production and reproduction of lactating dairy animals.
Dr A.S. Nanda, Vice-Chancellor of GADVASU said that high yielding animal in Punjab suffer from energy deficiency which affect their production and reproduction performance and bypass fat being tested will be very beneficial for such animals. Dr Nanda raised concern about the quality of feed and supplements available in the market and stressed upon more stringent quality control measures for benefit of the farmers. The quality of supplements for dairy animals available to the farmers has to be checked regularly.
Dr. J.P.S. Gill told that the University is always eager to work for welfare of farmers and Industry involved in the Livestock sector. Dr Gill explained that the energy requirement increases almost by 70% overnight as cow calves and milk secretion starts and this high deficit of nutrient manifest in many health disorders. To overcome shortfall in energy in the ration of dairy animals, fat is one of ingredient of choice. Dr. A.P.S. Sethi, Professor Department of Animal Nutrition told that the Department of Animal Nutrition which will take up this research project has full competency and facilities for this type of research project and is giving facilities to farmers like feed testing, mineral mixture, uromin licks and calcium salts of fatty acids at no-profit no loss basis. Dr. R.S. Grewal Professor Animal Nutrition who has vast experience in field of Dairy cattle nutrition, will be team leader for this research project along with Dr. Jaspal Singh Lamba, Professor Animal Nutrition and Dr. Jasmine Kaur, Asstt Nutritionist in GADVASU.
On this Occasion Dr. Harish Kumar Verma, Director Extension Education, Dr. S.K. Uppal, Dean Post Graduate Studies, Dr. B.K. Bansal, Director Livestock Farms and Dr. A.K Arora, Senior Professor Microbiology were also present.
KVK, Mohali conducts One day workshop on In-situ crop residue management
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Mohali in collaboration with Ryat Bahra university conducted One day workshop on “In-situ crop residue management” at Ryat Bahra University, Sahauran Distt Mohali. Dr. Yashwant Singh, Deputy Director KVK Mohali while inaugurating the programme guided the participants regarding ill effects of residue burning. He also shared his views regarding use of straw as animal feed and its effectiveness in reducing the shortage of dry fodder condition for the animals. Dr. Priyanka Suryavanshi, Assistant Professor (Agronomy) explained the importance of agricultural machinery for In-situ crop residue management. Dr Munish Sharma, Assistant Professor (Horticulture) emphasized the importance of crop residues in horticultural crops. During this workshop, Dr Harminder Kaur, Dean University School of Sciences and Dr Amita Mahajan, HoD Agriculture also shared their experiences with audience. Dr Shashipal, Assistant Professor, Livestock Production was also present on this occasion.
During the programme, different activities like Debate, Poster making and quiz competitions were also organized. Around 300 students participated in these competitions on the theme of Crop Residue Management. In the end KVK team thanked university administration, faculty members and other supporting staff for making this programme a grand success. The participants were also awarded for their efforts during the event.
Vet Varsity Scientist Shine at International Symposium and conference
The faculty members from the Department of Livestock Products Technology (LPT), Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University attended the International Symposium and 8th Conference of Indian Meat Science Association (IMSACON- VIII) held at West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata. Dr. Manish Kumar Chatli, Professor and Head felicitated for his work in Meat Science & Technology with prestigious Fellowship of Indian Meat Science Association. Dr Manish Kumar Chatli also presented a keynote-cum-lead paper and acted as Co-chairman during technical session. Dr. Om Prakash Malav, Assistant Professor in the Department won the most prestigious Allanasons Young Scientist Award for his significant contribution in the field of Livestock Products Technology. Drs. Manish Kumar Chatli and Om Prakash Malav have also bagged the Best Oral and Poster Presentation Awards, respectively. Dr. Dinesh Krofa, PhD student of the department won the competitive K. Dhushyantan IMSA award for the Best PhD Thesis, under the guidance of Dr. Manish K. Chatli. His research work pertains to the extraction of multifunctional bioactive peptides from liver and blood. IMSA also felicitated the organizing committee of International Symposium and 7th conference of IMSA-2016 held at Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University for their successful organization of the seminar and associated activities. Dr Rajesh V Wagh and his two students also attended and presented the research paper in the symposium. Dr Sanjeev Uppal, Dean Post Graduate Studies congratulated the team and informed that GADVASU has well equipped laboratories and conducting doctoral research of international standards. Dr P.S Brar, Dean College of Veterinary Science said that the applied research is need of the hour and the innovative research technologies developed by LPT will help in waste utilization and employment generation.Dr A.S. Nanda, Vice Chancellor, GADVASU applauded the entire team and mentioned that the university takes pride in having a vibrant department of Livestock Products Technology which not only organizes awareness meetings and capacity building programmes for different stakeholders, but also conducting innovative research in the area of microencapsulation and biodegradable packaging.
Student of Vet Varsity bags silver in Punjab Horse Show
Tavleen Kaur, a student of Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana won the Silver and Bronze Medal in 7th Punjab Horse Show and R.E.L Competition which was held at Kapurthala. She won the Silver Medal in Open Hacks category and Bronze Medal in Ladies Hacks category. In Open Hacks the Patiala Riders got the 1st position and Tavleen Kaur got the 2nd position followed by the Punjab Police at 3rd position. In this competition various colleges, universities and clubs were participated even players of Punjab Police also left behind by Tavleen Kaur. She was the first competitor to compete this type of competition and to win a medal. Even last year Tavleen Kaur participated in 6th Punjab Horse Show in PPS Nabha and she won silver medal that time also. Tavleen said that she will be continuing participating in these types of competition in the future also. Talking about the Royal Game of Horse Riding she said that it is the only one game in the world where girls get equal credit as boys. According to her Horse Riding is traditional game and humans having a lovely bond with the horses thousands years back.
Tavleen was congratulated by Dr. Satyavan Rampal, Director Students Welfare and he hoped that Tavleen will get more laurels in the future for the university. she is also encouraging various students to take part in this Game. Other than the horse riding Tavleen Kaur also has a keen interest in Shooting and Archery. She revealed that she has desire to serve the Nation as an IPS Officer.