The Department was established in 1969 as the Department of Surgery and Gynaecology. In October, 1976 it was bifurcated into two independent departments i.e. Department of Surgery & Radiology and Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics. The Department of Surgery & Radiology was recognized as Centre of Advanced Studies (CAS) of ICAR in 1995. The department has three main areas of work viz. Surgery, Anaesthesia and Radiology. The department has well established small and large animal anaesthesia, small and large animal radiology unit including Computerized Radiography (CR) system and ultrasonography unit including Doppler and echocardiography facilities. The department has made significant contributions in the large and small animal surgery pioneering in surgical treatment of diaphragmatic hernia in buffaloes. Long bone fracture management in small and large animals including intramedullary interlocking nailing for long bone fracture fixation in dogs and bovine was started first time in India at this institute. (Urolithiasis and general anaesthesia in small and large animal’s radiography including reticulography in bovines). Ultrasonography of canine abdomen and ultrasonography of bovine fore-stomach including ultarsonographic diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia and omasal impaction in bovines were first reported kind from this department. Faculty of this Department has won many prestigious national and international awards in different areas of research. The Centre of Advanced Studies is now designated as Centre of Advanced Faculty Training (CAFT). Under Advanced Faculty Training the department has conducted 18 trainings and trained more than 225 scientists/teachers working in SVU’s, SAU’s / ICAR institutes. Department has successfully hosted national congress of Indian Society for Veterinary Surgery at Ludhiana on topic of ‘Advances in Veterinary Surgery in pets and farm animals’ from 18-20 Feb, 1991 and international congress on the topic of ‘Current trends in diagnostic imaging and management of surgical affections in dairy animals’ from 11-13 Nov., 2009.